Figures, Dates, Facts
First documentary evidence of Baierrute by Bishop Otto II of Bamberg.
Status as town (civitas) conferred.
Bayreuth is inherited by the Franconian Hohenzollern, i. e. the Burgraves of Nuremberg.
The town is conquered and destroyed by the Hussites.
Margrave Georg establishes the Reformation by a new church order.
Epidemic of the Plague causes the death of more than 1,000 inhabitants.
Margrave Christian transfers the margravial residence from Kulmbach to the Old Palace in Bayreuth.
During the Thirty Years' War the town is captured and looted by imperial troops in three consecutive years.
Margrave Friedrich and Margravine Wilhelmine begin their reign.
Opening ceremony of the Margravial Opera House to celebrate the wedding of princess Elisabeth Friederike.
After the resignation of Margrave Alexander Bayreuth becomes a Prussian province.
Due to Napoleon Bayreuth becomes part of the Kingdom of Bavaria.
At the first Bayreuth Festival Richard Wagner performs "The Ring of the Nibelungs" three times.
About a third of the town is destroyed by air raids.
Lecturing and research work are taken up at the newly founded Bayreuth University.
Bayreuth is appointed Oberzentrum (administrative and economic centre).
Bayreuth University celebrates the topping-out ceremony of the 6th Faculty for Applied Natural Sciences
Official opening of the new thermal spa "Lohengrin Therme" in Seulbitz.
Official opening of the Competence Center for New Materials of Northern Bavaria.
Wolfgang Wagner resigns as the director of the Bayreuth Festival after 58 years. The council of the foundation appoints his two daughters, Katharina Wagner and Eva Wagner-Pasquier to his
altitude 345 m
area 6,692 ha
Built-up areas: 26.50 %
Area used for traffic: 9.89 %
Forests, public parks, play and sports grounds: 22,80 %
Agricultural area: 39,41 %
Other areas: 1,40 %
Length of town limits: 62,50 km
Development of the population:
1871: 17 841
1910: 34 547
1939: 45 028
1946: 55 612
1970: 64 536
1990: 72 345
ninth largest town in Bavaria; fifth largest town in Franconia; largest town in Upper Franconia
Protestant: 51,0 %
Catholic: 27.1 %
others: 21,9 %
Connections by road, rail and air
- Bundesautobahn A 9 Munich-Berlin
- Bundesautobahn A 70 Schweinfurt-Bayreuth
- Deutsche Bahn AG/German Railway:
hourly express train service from Nuremberg to Bayreuth and back;
- Regional Airport Bayreuth
sport and entertainment facilities
- Richard-Wagner-Festspielhaus (Festival Theatre) 1,974 seats
- Markgravial Opera House 487 seats
- Stadthalle (Civic Hall)
Großes Haus (Main Hall) 930 seats
Kleines Haus (Little Theatre) 277 seats
Balkonsaal (Balcony Hall) 365 seats
- studiobühne bayreuth 214 seats
- Brandenburger Kulturstadl 99 seats
- Richard-Wagner-Museum, Haus Wahnfried
- Historical Museum
- German Freemason Museum
Im Hofgarten 1
- German Typewriter Museum
Bernecker Straße 11
- Environmental Museum (Upper Franconia)
- Maisel' s Brewery Museum
Kulmbacher Straße 40
- Museum of Agricultural Tools and Equipment
- Fire Brigade Museum
An der Feuerwache 4
- IWALEWA-Haus, Africa Centre of Bayreuth University
- Little Poster Museum
- Wo Sarazen Art
Brandenburger Straße 36
- Archaeological Museum (Historischer Verein Oberfranken)
Ludwigstraße 25 b
- Natural Science Museum
Karolinenreuther Straße 58
- School Museum
- Bayreuth Fayences (New Palace)
- Museum of Modern Fine Arts
- Oberfrankenhalle (multi-purpose sports hall) with 3,970 seats
- Hans Walter Wild Stadium for 20,000 spectators
- SVB-Indoor Pool 50-m-pool with 8 lanes
- Ice rink for 4,705 people
- Triple gymn (with facilities for different sports)
- Lohengrin-Therme Bayreuth (thermal spa; officialy recognised as water with healing properties)
- Kreuzsteinbad (outdoor swimming pool)
- Stadtbad (indoor pool including different saunas)
- SVB-indoor pool
Am Sportpark 5
- Altstadtbad (outdoor swimming pool)
- Freiluftbad (recreational sunbathing areas)
An der Bürgerreuth
Golf course Rodersberg
- 1 University of Bayreuth with approx. 11,000 students
- Academy of Protestant Church Music
- 5 grammar schools
- 2 secondary schools
- 12 primary schools
- 6 special schools
- 26 vocational schools
- 1 music school
- 1 international school
- beds: 1,800
- hotels: 17
- guesthouses: 10
- sanatories: 2
- youth hostel: 1
- guests per year approx. 118,000
overnight stays per year approx. 300,000
of which were foreigners approx. 15 %
- Hofgarten (Courtyard Garden)
- Park Festival Theater
- Eremitage (Hermitage)
- Röhrensee (animal park)
Number of employees liable to contribute to social security: 42.778 (2012)
- Agriculture and Forestry, fishing industry < 1 %
- Manufacturing industry 17 %
- Mining industry, building trade, energy and water supply 5 %
- Business, catering and hotel industry, and transport industry 19 %
- Other manufacturing industry 3 %
- industry-related services 19 %
- Public and private services 37 %
- 5 hospitals 1,851 beds
- 11 nursing homes 1,114 beds
- 1 Hospices 10 places
- 1 Short-term nursing care 26 places
- 1 Day care 12 places
- 2 Sheltered housing for the elderly with 17 Two-room-flats and 20 One-room-flats
- 68 Barrier-free flats equipped with emergency callf
- 3 Housing areas:assisted living
- 175 Flats of different sizes with service provisions
- 45 nursery schools and day nurseries with 2,480 places
- 1 Remedial Centre
- Workshop for disabled teenagers and adults with 312 places
- Homes for children and apprentices with 147 places
- 87 children' s playgrounds and playing fields
Information, advice and assistance for municipal and other authorities
Neues Rathaus (New Town Hall)
Telephone: 09 21/25-17 06 or 25-17 07; Fax: 0921/25-1305
Telephone: 09 21/25-17 25; Fax: 0921/25-15 95
Bayreuth Marketing & Tourismus GmbH
Telephone: 09 21/8 85-88; Fax: 09 21/8 85-55