The cultural partnership of Bayreuth with the Austrian Province Burgenland was founded in 1990, with the purpose of cooperating in the fields of culture, science, tourism and youth. This region of outstanding natural beauty around the Neusiedel Lake has a lot to offer to its visitors. Franz Liszt is the connection between his place of birth, Raiding in Burgenland, and the town of Bayreuth. Connected by the life and work of this artist, who is of special importance for Bayreuth as friend and patron of Richard Wagner, this cultural partnership is also a way of honouring Liszt.
The Burgenland, the youngest province of Austria (since 1921) can look back on 5,000 years of history. The region was first inhabited by Illyrians, Romans, Celts and many others, who only stayed for short periods. Then it was populated by the Lombards and Avars. And finally, they were replaced by the core of the population of today: Bavarians, Franconians and Magyar horsemen. As a border region devastated by many wars, the Burgenland remained an anonymous part of several Hungarian districts until 1921.
In the 16th century, two princely families finally assumed power: the Batthyány in the South. And in the North, a noble family whose feudal patronage, but also diplomacy and artistic taste, marked the country for centuries: the princes Esterházy and with them: courtly culture and a rich heritage, which are still evident today. At the same time, Croats also settled in Burgenland, and their folklore and language are as alive today as they were then.
Other ethnic groups, like Hungarians and Romanies, contributed with both language and culture to the colourful life of the country: distinctive accents formed the cultural lines of the Burgenland to one unique whole. And since the opening of the borders of the East and Austria‘s entry into the EU, it has become an international hub – welcome to the cultural bridge between East and West.
Two ambassadors exported the culture of the Burgenland into the world: the composer Joseph Haydn, born in Eisenstadt, with its 12,500 inhabitants the smallest provincial capital of Austria, and the composer and pianist Franz Liszt, who was born on the 11th of October 1811 in Raiding, and who later became a friend of Bayreuth and found his final resting place in the municipal cemetery there.
The tradition of winemaking goes back centuries, to the time of the Celts. Amongst the wines of the region, the "Blaufränkisch" is the most well known.
Information about Bayreuth
Town of Bayreuth - General office
P.O box 10 10 52
Tel: +49 921/25 15 60
Information about Burgenland
Tourist association Burgenland
A - 7000 Eisenstadt
Tel: +43 2 68 26 33 84 11